There are many people that have endured the pain that is felt when the tightening of involuntary contractions happens during an unexpected muscle spasm. While muscle spasms can be very mild, there are also occasions where they can be quite severe. When a person’s muscles start to contract in a spasm, it can be as short as just a few short seconds and a spasm can last as long as several minutes.
When a mild muscle spasm occurs, the muscles that are contracting normally relax all by themselves without any needed treatment. However, when a severe muscle spasm occurs, the contracting muscle group will sometimes require manual manipulation. This helps to lengthen and relax the muscles. The groups of muscles that are most commonly affected by muscle spasms would include the quadriceps, calves, and muscle groups located in the upper body. Areas of the body that most people experience this type of problem are usually in the feet and in the legs.
Popular Theories That Explain Why Muscle Spasms Might Occur
There is currently no known cause of why muscle spasms occur. There is however quite a few theories of why some people might experience the painful contractions of these spasms. Below are some of the most common theories of many medical professionals.
- Engaging in new and strenuous activities
- Neuromuscular control that may be altered
- Fatigue of the muscles
- Poor muscle tone and conditioning
- Low levels of electrolytes
It is a fairly common occurrence for many different types of athletes to experience muscle spasms. In many situations it is due to the tendency to overwork a specific group of muscles. While the reason muscles clench up in painful contractions may not be known, there are several techniques that have been discovered to be quite effective for being able to relax the muscles.
When you notice a specific type of activity that causes spasms to occur, it should be stopped right away. It may be a sign that your muscles need to be warmed up and stretched first. If this doesn’t work, gently massaging the group of muscles that have gone into a spasm is usually effective at stopping the cramping.
The best way to avoid the tight cramping of muscle spasms is to make sure the body is tone and in good shape before taking part in strenuous activities. This is easier to do than you might think, and it only requires a few minutes of exercising and stretching each day. It can help a great deal to allow time for the muscles to warm up before jumping right in and overdoing it.
Another great way to avoid muscle fatigue and spasms is to make sure to provide the body with plenty of fluids. This will keep you from becoming dehydrated, which in many cases has been known to lead to painful muscle spasms.